On Sunday all the historic sites were open to the public free of charge. So we joined the masses climbing up the Akropolis. People had settled already about 5000 years ago on this hill, however, its current remains have been built in the 5th century BC by Perikles. the most famous site is the Parthenon, a former temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. Whilst the Greek and Romans maintained the building well, under Byzantine rule it was converted into a church and then under Ottoman rule into a mosque. Unfortunately, in 1687, during the siege by Venice, the Akropolis got largely destroyed because the Ottomans used it as a gunpowder magazine, that exploded after a Venetian cannon ball hit the Akropolis.
The Erechtheion is another ancient Greek temple on top of the Akropolis that was dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon.
The views from the Akropolis were stunning. Also completely understandable that it was inhabited from early on. It provides a natural protection and since the fortification it can also easily guard the plain area beneath. In addition, you could easy watch the sea and notice ships approaching.
Many original pieces such as wall pieces and statues and other excavated items were taken into the Akropolis museum and replaced by copies. So on our last day on Monday we decided to visit the museum which is definitely worth the time.
In the evening we flew back to Barcelona after a great long weekend in the Greek capital!