Modernisme is an art and literature movement associated with the search for Catalan national identity. The period associated with is was around 1888-1910 and is primarily connected with Catalonia and Barcelona. In the context of the rapid development and urban changes during the industrial revolution the Catalan elite – politicians, burgoiesie and rich entrepreneurial families – intensified their efforts to create their own national identity.
Modernisme is a similar movement like art nouveau or jugendstil. Typical elements are:
- the use of curves than straight lines
- dynamic shapes are preferred over static forms
- rich decoration with floral and other nature motifs
- materials such as ceramics, mosaic tiles and glass
Famous examples of Catalan modernism are of course the Sagrada Familia, Park Guëll, Casa Mila and Casa Batlló – all by Gaudí who became the most famous architect of his time. Other fantastic buldings are the Palau de la Musica and the Hospital of Sant Pau.
Here are some photos that we took from modernism sites in Barcelona and surroundings:
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